Modern fabric manufacturing facilities are now available in both developed and developing countries. Aside from mechanical advancements in yarn and cloth manufacturing, there have been rapid developments in the production of new fibers, processes to improve textile characteristics, and testing methods that allow for better quality control.
Methods of Fabric Cutting
Quality is the first demand of all customers worldwide, according to the modern garments industry. Cutting is an essential method of textile production for producing high-quality fabric. Quality complete cloth cutting decreases fabric waste and increases profitability. To achieve high-quality full-fabric cutting, a few techniques must be followed, which are discussed below.
1. Manual Fabric Cutting Method: In this method, the cutting is performed with a knife, scissors, drill, and so on. The knife is inserted into the cutting machine’s head. In the clothing industry, the manual process is the most often employed cutting method.
The advantage of the manual cutting method is:
- The ease at which it can be sliced.
- It is not necessary to provide educated labor.
- The low-cost knife suffices to break the cloth here.
- Low operating costs.
The downside of the manual cutting method is as follows:
- Slow and steady progress.
- Not ready for mass production.
- The cutting pace is uncontrollable.
- The severity of the crash is very high.
- Higher labor costs than computerized cutting.
2. Computerized Fabric Cutting Process: The computerized fabric cutting method has become increasingly common in the contemporary garment manufacturing industry due to its higher production and less time-consuming performance. Both programs are loaded into the machine here, and the computer executes all of the operations that have been loaded.
Straight knife cutting, Water jet cutting, Laser beam cutting, and Plasma torch cutting are all examples of computerized cutting methods.
Straight Knife Cutting Machine is undoubtedly one of the most popular and versatile fabric-cutting machines that are used in textile manufacturing all over the world. The unit is extremely important in bulk cutting. When it comes down to cutting heavy materials for the best shoe sewing machines or the best machines for sewing thick fabrics, the straight knife cutting machine is the most often used.
Laser cutting is primarily a thermal procedure that uses a directed laser beam to melt material in a specific region. To remove the molten material and build a kerf, a co-axial gas jet is used. The laser beam or workpiece is moved under CNC control to make a continuous cut. Laser cutting is classified into three types: fusion cutting, flame cutting, and remote cutting.
The advantage of using a computer-controlled device for cutting is that it is very accurate.
- Cutting operation that is extremely quick.
- Suitable for mass production.
- The cutting pace can be adjusted.
- The accident’s severity is very mild.
- There is no need for a marker.
- Fabrics can be cut at a rate that is 7-8 times faster than manual cutting.
- Labor costs are low.
The downside of the computerized cutting method is that;
- It needs more maintenance.
- A skilled and trained workforce is expected.
- Such an expensive computer.
- If the right disc is not loaded onto the machine, an error message would be shown.
Types of Textile Printing
This is exactly what it means. A stamp is made, which is then used to indent the cloth. Comparable to how you used to make potato stamps as a child to produce lovely drawings. The pattern is cut into the stamp, which is then dropped into the ink and transferred from the sticker to your textile with even pressure.
Inkjet printing is a method of machine printing that uses droplets of ink to reproduce a digital image on paper and plastic substrates. Inkjet printers are the most popular kind of printer, and they vary in price from low-cost commercial versions to high-end specialist equipment.
Inkjet printers have the following advantages:
- They are inexpensive.
- High production consistency, with the ability to print fine and smooth data.
- Capable of printing in vibrant color, ideal for printing photographs.
- Simple to use.
- Reasonably fast.
- It is less noisy than a dot matrix printer.
- There is no need to warm up.
Digital textile printing is a method of printing colorants onto textiles and fabrics that uses inkjet technology. As an alternative to screen printed cloth, this method allows for single bits, mid to small-run period processing, and even in the long run.
The very first stage in digital textile printing is to pre-treat the fabric with various solvents that enable it to embrace the pigment and absorb the color more effectively. The fabric is then fed into the printer, which sprays the dye onto it in tiny droplets. The final step is to patch the fabric, which guarantees the design’s permanence.
Benefits of digital textile printing technologies
- High resolution, adaptability, and precise patterning
- Power and water savings
- Low cost
- Samples are inexpensive
- Short-term distribution and rapid sampling
- There would be less pollution
- Clean of nickel
Oowia has the widest range of products that are available to consumers at the most affordable prices. And they make available to you all of these superior new methods to give your textiles that edge over others needed in the marketplace.
Another type of heat-activated fabric printing is reactive printing. It is accomplished by pre-coating the materials, followed by the application of a binder (similar to that used in pigment printing) and a printing additive. It prints a pigment or wax image on the cloth, and the heat reaction permanently bonds the image to the fabric.
- It works incredibly well on natural textiles.
- Washable and can be rubbed.
- Color vibrancy is exceptional.
- Post-treatment is also needed.
- It is not a straightforward task to carry out.
- This is not the most cost-effective way of printing.
ERP Advantages in the Textile Industry
The garment industry usually deals with the design and manufacture of clothing, as well as the distribution and sale of imported textiles.
The textile industries have evolved as a result of the technical boom in recent years, integrating various methods of updated manufacturing.
Inventory applications, such as Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software, best known as textile ERP software, are now used in the textile industry. This program has become an inseparable part of the garment industry, as well as many other sectors.
- This garment ERP tech aids in the volume and productivity of production operations.
- Any time there is a transition or improvement in the market, ERP generates a report and keeps records.
- It aids in keeping track of the gains made during the production process. Technical mistakes can also be easily recorded. The current state of the commodity being made is readily accessible.
- It lowers operating costs and allows for pre-planning of the manufacturing.